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According to Gardiner’s opinion, “if we may venture to extract the essence of Ipuwer’s discourse, we shall find that the things which he thought to conduce to the happily-constituted state are three: a patriotic attitude in resisting foes from within and from without; piety towards the gods; and the guiding hand of a wise and energetic ruler”.
Gardiner’s interpretation of the message in the papyrus differs from that of Dr.
The inconvenient fact that terminates the link between this papyrus and exodus is the timeline.
Ipuwer wrote this several hundred years before the events chronicled in exodus so unless Ipuwer was a time traveller any connection is coincidental no matter what the missing parts contain, to state otherwise is assuming event before cause and as we know that is a nonsense.
The first section is missing so we do not know if this is a factual account or a “fiction”.
Hopefully, another copy will someday be uncovered in the sands of Egypt so that we will have a complete account to read.
The ancients were cleverer than some people today assume.
Egyptologist David Rohl’s New Chronology explains these events better and Gardener’s dating and timeline of the Ipuwer papyrus is incorrect.The papyrus is fully inscribed from beginning to end on both sides.It consists of 17 complete and incomplete columns of writing.The Ipuwer papyrus, also known as the ‘Admonitions of Ipuwer’, is a controversial text that describes starvation, drought, death, and violent upheavals in ancient Egypt, with some maintaining that it is an eyewitness account of the Exodus plagues.Neither the beginning nor end of this work was preserved, leaving historians with difficulty in interpreting the material and reaching a final conclusion about the events it describes.