Dating ancient history
As research increases and becomes more specific in different areas, we come across the paradox of scholars knowing more and more about less and less.Statements like this are found in many books of world history, Indian history and history of religions.Any date between these two means that the Buddha passed away about 140-100 years before the reign of Emperor Ashoka.We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.Become a Member Submitted by Cristian Violatti, published on under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike.
Essentially, the dates for Emperor Ashoka in the long chronology are miscalculated by around 60-70 years.Early Buddhist texts from mainland India, as well as references in the earliest historiographic work of the Theravada tradition date the death of the Buddha a hundred years before the reign of Emperor Ashoka.This is based on the short chronology (Indian) and it suggests the Buddha died on 370-368 BCE.Therefore, the dates of the Buddha had to be recalculated and most Western Indian scholars moved the date of the Buddha’s death to 487 or 486 BCE.This last date continued to hold consensus among scholars for many decades and the long chronology came to be known as the “Corrected long chronology” or “Corrected Ceylonese chronology”.
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It has touched and adorned virtually every single aspect of Asian society: its lore, mythology, morals, art and even metaphysics and religion, despite the fact the Buddha, its founder, does not seem to have had any kind of metaphysical or religious concerns.